Madhu Trivedi teaches history in the School of Open Learning, University of Delhi. She is the author of The Making of the Awadh Culture. She has published several research articles on a variety of themes related to medieval north Indian art and culture, especially gender, literary culture, and performing arts. She has participated in a number of national and international conferences and seminars on medieval history and culture and is considered an authority in the field.
She is one of the few historians to have concerned herself with music and performing arts and, on the other hand, one of the very few specialists in music and performing arts to have written a social history of these themes. Her knowledge of medieval Persian and the various dialects prevalent in north India, apart from the use of Urdu and Sanskrit sources makes her unique among the scholars on medieval Indian culture.