Vidyadhar Vyas belongs to the Gwalior gharana and the illustrious lineage of Vishnu Digambar Paluskar. His father Narayanrao Vyas was an outstanding disciple of Paluskar. He groomed and trained his son in Khayal, Tarana and Bhajan gayaki.
Vidyadhar Vyas takes an avid interest in planning and organising music seminars and research workshops at the university, regional and national levels. He served as Head, Department of Music, University of Mumbai, and also headed the Bhatkhande Vidyapeeth in Lucknow, before joining ITC Sangeet Research Academy, Kolkata, as Director.